Referrers

Referrers

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Medicare Indications

The Government has set complex rules that apply to Medicare rebates for a number of procedures that PRP Diagnostic Imaging perform. Information sheets are provided to establish if a patient is eligible for a Medicare rebate.

Medicare rebates are available for the following:

PET Medicare Updates - 1 May 2018

ITEM NO

DESCRIPTION

61647

Whole body 68Ga‑DOTA‑peptide PET study (including any associated computed tomography scans for anatomic localisation and attenuation correction), if:

  1. a gastro‑entero‑pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour is suspected on the basis of biochemical evidence with negative or equivocal conventional imaging; or
  2. both:
    (i) a surgically amenable gastro‑entero‑pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour has been identified on the basis of conventional techniques; and
    (ii) the study is for excluding additional disease sites (R)
Cardiac MRI updates - 1 May 2018

ITEM NO

DESCRIPTION

63395

MRI scan of the cardiovascular system for assessment of myocardial structure and function involving:

  1. dedicated right ventricular views; and
  2. 3D volumetric assessment of the right ventricle; and
  3. reporting of end‑diastolic and end‑systolic volumes, ejection fraction and BSA‑indexed values;

    if the request for the scan indicates that:
  4. the patient presented with symptoms consistent with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC); or
  5. investigative findings in relation to the patient are consistent with ARVC

NOTE: benefits are payable once in 12 months (R) (K) (Contrast) (Anaes.)

63396

MRI scan of the cardiovascular system for assessment of myocardial structure and function involving:

  1. dedicated right ventricular views; and
  2. 3D volumetric assessment of the right ventricle; and
  3. reporting of end‑diastolic and end‑systolic volumes, ejection fraction and BSA‑indexed values;

    if the request for the scan indicates that:
  4. the patient presented with symptoms consistent with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC); or
  5. investigative findings in relation to the patient are consistent with ARVC

NOTE: benefits are payable once in 12 months (R) (K) (Contrast) (Anaes.)

63397

MRI scan of the cardiovascular system for assessment of myocardial structure and function involving:

  1. dedicated right ventricular views; and
  2. 3D volumetric assessment of the right ventricle; and
  3. reporting of end‑diastolic and end‑systolic volumes, ejection fraction and BSA‑indexed values;

    if the request for the scan indicates that the patient:
  4. is asymptomatic; and
  5. has one or more first degree relatives diagnosed with confirmed arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC)

NOTE: benefits are payable once in 36 months (R) (K) (Contrast) (Anaes.)

63398

MRI scan of the cardiovascular system for assessment of myocardial structure and function involving:

  1. dedicated right ventricular views; and
  2. 3D volumetric assessment of the right ventricle; and
  3. reporting of end‑diastolic and end‑systolic volumes, ejection fraction and BSA‑indexed values;

    if the request for the scan indicates that the patient:
  4. is asymptomatic; and
  5. has one or more first degree relatives diagnosed with confirmed arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC)

NOTE: benefits are payable once in 36 months (R) (K) (Contrast) (Anaes.)

Breast MRI updates - 1 May 2018

ITEM NO

DESCRIPTION

63547

MRI scan of both breasts for the detection of cancer, if

  1. a dedicated breast coil is used; and
  2. the request for the scan identifies that:
    (i) the patient has a breast implant in situ; and
    (ii) anaplastic large cell lymphoma has been diagnosed

NOTE: benefits are payable once in a patient's lifetime (R) (K) (Contrast) (Anaes.)

63548

MRI scan of both breasts for the detection of cancer, if

  1. a dedicated breast coil is used; and
  2. the request for the scan identifies that:
    (i) the patient has a breast implant in situ; and
    (ii) anaplastic large cell lymphoma has been diagnosed

NOTE: benefits are payable once in a patient's lifetime (R) (K) (Contrast) (Anaes.)

Bone Mineral Density/DEXA
including medicare updates | 1 November 2017

ITEM NO

INDICATIONS

EXPLANATORY NOTES

12320
1 service per 60 consecutive months.

Patients 70 years and over who have not had a previous BMD.
Patients aged 70 years and over with a T score above -1.5.

MBS change 1.11.17

12322
1 service per 24 consecutive months

Patients aged 70 years and over with moderate to marked osteopenia. (T score between -1.5 and -2.5).

MBS change 1.11.17

PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH OSTEOPOROSIS WILL CONTINUE TO BE TESTED USING OTHER CLINICALLY APPROPRIATE MBS BONE DENSITOMETRY ITEMS.

12306
1 service per 24 months

  • The confirmation of a presumptive diagnosis of low bone mineral density made on the basis of 1 or more fractures occurring after minimal trauma, or
  • For the monitoring of low bone mineral density proven by bone densitometry at least 12 months previously.

Low bone mineral density is present when the bone mineral density falls more than 1.5 standard deviations below the age matched mean or more than 2.5 standard deviations below the young normal mean for the same site same gender.

12312
1 service per 12 consecutive months

For the diagnosis and monitoring of bone loss associated with 1 or more of the following conditions:

  • prolonged glucocorticoid therapy;
  • conditions associated with excess glucocorticoid secretion;
  • male hypogonadism; or
  • female hypogonadism lasting more than 6 months before the age of 45.

a. ‘Prolonged glucocorticoid therapy’ is defined as a dosage of inhaled glucocorticoid equivalent to or greater than 800 micrograms beclomethasone dipropionate or budesonide per day; or
b. a supraphysiological glucocorticoid dosage equivalent to or greater than 7.5 mg prednisolone in an adult taken orally per day; for a period anticipated to last for at least 4 months.

Glucocorticoid therapy must be going at the time of the scan. Patients no longer on steroids would not qualify for benefits.

12315
1 service per 24 consecutive months

For the diagnosis and monitoring of bone loss associated with 1 or more of the following conditions:

  • primary hyperparathyroidism;
  • chronic liver disease;
  • chronic renal disease;
  • proven malabsorptive disorders;
  • rheumatoid arthritis; or
  • conditions associated with thyroxine excess.

A malabsorptive disorder is defined as one or more of the following:

a. malabsorption of fat, defined as faecal fat estimated at greater than 18 gm per 72 hours on a normal fat diet; or
b. bowel disease with presumptive vitamin D malabsorption
as indicated by a sub-normal circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D level; or
c. histologically proven Coeliac disease.

12321
1 service per 12 consecutive months

For the measurement of bone density 12 months following a significant change in therapy for:

  • established low bone mineral density; or
  • the confirmation of a presumptive diagnosis of low bone mineral density made on the basis of 1 or more fractures occurring after minimal trauma.

Item 12321 is intended to allow for bone mineral density measurement following a significant change in therapy - e.g. a change in the class of drugs - rather than for a change in the dosage regimen.

Chiropractic Spines
medicare updates | 1 November 2017

SERVICE

ITEM NO

DESCRIPTION OF CHANGE

SPINE
X-RAY
ONE REGION

58100
58103
58106
58109

These items amended to restrict allied health practitioners to requesting one of these items for the same patient on the same day.

SPINE
X-RAY
TWO REGION

58112

These items amended to restrict allied health practitioners to requesting one of these items for the same patient on the same day.

SPINE
X-RAY
THREE REGION

58121

Requesting rights for these items restricted to medical practitioners, physiotherapists and osteopaths.

Chiropractor referrals are not claimable from Medicare.

Alternatively, the patient may opt to have three (or four) region x-ray in one day. Two regions would be rebatable. The patient would need to pay a $25 flat fee for the non-rebatable regions.

SPINE
X-RAY
FOUR REGION

58120

Requesting rights for these items restricted to medical practitioners, physiotherapists and osteopaths.

Chiropractor referrals are not claimable from Medicare.

Alternatively, the patient may opt to have three (or four) region x-ray in one day. Two regions would be rebatable. The patient would need to pay a $25 flat fee for the non-rebatable regions.

MRI GP REBATES NOV 2014 | Head, Neck & Knee

One of the key initiatives of the Diagnostic Imaging Reform Package is to expand patient access to MRI services across Australia. This includes increased access to MRI services for primary care patients 16 years and over by extending requesting rights to GPs for a small set of clinically appropriate indications. GPs are able to request four new Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Medicare services for patients 16 years of age and over. The new items will be for the following:

Item No
63551
HEAD

referral by a medical practitioner (excluding a specialist or consultant physician) for a scan of head for a patient 16 years or older for any of the following:

  • unexplained seizure(s)
  • unexplained chronic headache with suspected intracranial pathology

Item No
63554
CERVICAL SPINE

referral by a medical practitioner (excluding a specialist or consultant physician) for a scan of spine for a patient 16 years or older for suspected: • cervical radiculopathy

Item No
63557
CERVICAL SPINE

referral by a medical practitioner (excluding a specialist or consultant physician) for a scan of spine for a patient 16 years or older for suspected:

  • cervical spine trauma

Item No
63560
KNEE

referral by a medical practitioner (excluding a specialist or consultant physician) for a scan of knee following acute knee trauma for a patient 16 years or older with:

  • inability to extend the knee suggesting the possibility of acute meniscal tear;
    or
  • clinical findings suggesting acute anterior cruciate ligament tear

Details of the item descriptors and explanatory notes can be found at mbsonline.gov.au or you can download the Australian Government Department of Health Fact Sheet here

PRP Diagnostic Imaging is an eligible provider.

To view the options for patients under 16 years old, please click here.

MRI ITEMS FOR CROHN’S DISEASE

New MRI Enterography items for the evaluation of:

  • small bowel Crohn’s disease
  • anal fistulas and pelvic sepsis in established or suspected Crohn’s disease

Please note that these scans are Medicare-eligible for Specialist referral only on fully or partially licensed magnets.

Item No
63740
MRI to evaluate small bowel Crohn’s disease

  • Evaluation of disease extent at time of initial diagnosis of Crohn’s disease.
  • Evaluation of exacerbation/suspected complications of known Crohn’s disease.
  • Evaluation of known or suspected Crohn’s disease in pregnancy.
  • Assessment of change to therapy in patients with small bowel Crohn’s disease. (This can only be claimed once in a 12 month period.)

Item No
63743
MRI for fistulising perianal Crohn’s disease

  • Evaluation of pelvic sepsis and fistulas associated with established or suspected Crohn’s disease.
  • Assessment of change to therapy of pelvic sepsis and fistulas from Crohn’s disease. (This can only be claimed once in a 12 month period.)
Bone Mineral Densitometry

Unfortunately, not all patients are eligible for a Medicare rebate for bone mineral densitometry.

1. Item number 12306 is charged for confirmation of a presumptive diagnosis of low bone mineral density made on the basis of:

  • 1 or more fractures occurring after minimal trauma;
  • For the monitoring of osteoporosis proven by bone densitometry at least 12 months previously.

2. Item number 12312 is charged for the diagnosis and monitoring of bone loss associated with 1 or more of the following conditions:

  • Prolonged glucocorticoid therapy;
  • Conditions associated with excess glucocorticoid secretion;
  • Male hypogonadism;
  • Female hypogonadism lasting more than 6 months before age 45. 

3. Item number 12315 is charged for the diagnosis and monitoring of bone loss associated with 1 or more of the following conditions:

  • Primary hyperparathyroidism;
  • Chronic liver disease;
  • Chronic renal disease (excluding kidney stones);
  • Proven malabsorptive disorders;
  • Rheumatoid arthritis;
  • Conditions associated with thyroxine excess.

4. Item number 12321 is charged for the measurement of bone density 12 months following significant change in therapy for established low bone density or confirmation of a presumptive diagnosis of low bone mineral density made on the basis of:

  • 1 or more fractures occurring after minimal trauma.

5. Item number 12323 is charged for the diagnosis and monitoring of bone loss in ALL patients aged 70 years and over. This number takes precedence over any other bone density number and should therefore be used in all patients over 70 years of age because there is no time restriction on this service.

Shoulder and Knee Ultrasound

Medicare will only provide a rebate if the referral specifically includes one of the suspected pathologies:

Shoulder Ultrasound

Benefits are payable when referred with suspicion of the following clinical conditions:

  • evaluation of injury to tendon, muscle or tendon/muscle junction including tears, calcification or tendinosis;
  • rotator cuff tear/calcification/tendinosis of biceps, subscapular, supraspinatus or infraspinatus;
  • biceps subluxation;
  • capsulitis and bursitis;
  • evaluation of mass, including ganglion;
  • occult fracture;
  • acromioclavicular joint pathology.

Knee Ultrasound

Benefits are payable when referred with suspicion of the following clinical conditions:

  • abnormality of tendons or bursae about the knee;
  • meniscal cyst, popliteal fossa cyst, mass or pseudomass;
  • nerve entrapment, nerve or nerve sheath tumour.

Benefits are not payable when referred for non-specific knee pain alone or other knee conditions including:

  • meniscal and cruciate ligament tears;
  • assessment of chondral surfaces.
Nuchal Translucency Ultrasound

Your patient may be eligible for a Medicare rebate when any of the following features are present and stated on the referral:

1. The patient is 11 weeks 4 days to 13 weeks 6 days gestation by Ultrasound and referred by a medical practitioner, and

2. One or more of the following conditions are present:

  • abdominal pain or mass;
  • abdominal wall scarring;
  • advanced maternal age;
  • alloimmunisation;
  • autoimmune disease;
  • bowel stoma;
  • cardiac disease;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • diminished symptoms of pregnancy;
  • drug dependency;
  • high risk pregnancy;
  • hyperemesis gravidarum;
  • hypertension;
  • inflammatory bowel disease;
  • liver or renal disease;
  • maternal infection;
  • poor obstetric history;
  • pregnancy after assisted reproduction;
  • previous caesarean section;
  • previous post-dates delivery;
  • previous spinal or pelvic trauma or disease;
  • risk of fetal abnormality;
  • risk of miscarriage;
  • significant maternal obesity;
  • suspected or known cervical incompetence;
  • suspected or known uterine abnormality;
  • suspicion of ectopic pregnancy;
  • thrombophilia;
  • toxaemia of pregnancy;
  • uncertain dates.
Digital Mammography

Requesting doctors must include relevant clinical indications / history for all mammography procedures, otherwise patients are not eligible for a Medicare rebate.

For patients to be eligible for a Medicare rebate, you must include your reasons to suspect malignancy in the breasts because of:

  • the past occurrence of breast malignancy in the patient or in a member of the patient's family (blood relative).

OR

  • symptoms or indications of malignancy found on an examination of the patient by a medical practitioner.
Physiotherapists and Chiropractors

Physiotherapists and Chiropractors may request diagnostic imaging, however only certain items are entitled to a Medicare rebate:

  • examination of the hip joint;
  • examination of the pelvic girdle;
  • examination of the cervical spine;
  • examination of the thoracic spine;
  • examination of the lumbosacral spine;
  • examination of the four regions of the spine;
  • examination of the sacrococcygeal region;
  • examination of two regions of the spine;
  • examination of three regions of the spine.

For more information please contact our Medical Liaison Officers

Email mlos@prpimaging.com.au or Fax 02 8078 4565